Publications in Scientific Journals:

V. Oniga, A. Breaban, N. Pfeifer, M. Diac:
"3D Modeling of Urban Area Based on Oblique UAS Images-An End-to-End Pipeline";
Remote Sensing, 14 (2022), 2; 422-1 - 422-32.

English abstract:
3D modelling of urban areas is an attractive and active research topic, as 3D digital models of cities are becoming increasingly common for urban management as a consequence of the constantly growing number of people living in cities. Viewed as a digital representation of the Earth´s surface, an urban area modeled in 3D includes objects such as buildings, trees, vegetation and other anthropogenic structures, highlighting the buildings as the most prominent category. A city´s 3D model can be created based on different data sources, especially LiDAR or photogrammetric point clouds. This paper´s aim is to provide an end-to-end pipeline for 3D building modeling based on oblique UAS images only, the result being a parametrized 3D model with the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) CityGML standard, Level of Detail 2 (LOD2). For this purpose, a flight over an urban area of about 20.6 ha has been taken with a low-cost UAS, i.e., a DJI Phantom 4 Pro Professional (P4P), at 100 m height. The resulting UAS point cloud with the best scenario, i.e., 45 Ground Control Points (GCP), has been processed as follows: filtering to extract the ground points using two algorithms, CSF and terrain-mark; classification, using two methods, based on attributes only and a random forest machine learning algorithm; segmentation using local homogeneity implemented into Opals software; plane creation based on a region-growing algorithm; and plane editing and 3D model reconstruction based on piece-wise intersection of planar faces. The classification performed with ~35% training data and 31 attributes showed that the Visible-band difference vegetation index (VDVI) is a key attribute and 77% of the data was classified using only five attributes. The global accuracy for each modeled building through the workflow proposed in this study was around 0.15 m, so it can be concluded that the proposed pipeline is reliable.

UAS point cloud; segmentation; classification; machine learning; 3D model; urban area

"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)

Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.