Publications in Scientific Journals:
N. Li, O. Kähler, N. Pfeifer:
"A Comparison of Deep Learning Methods for Airborne Lidar Point Clouds Classification";
IEEE Journal Of Selected Topics In Applied Earth Observations And Remote Sensing,
The success achieved by deep learning techniques in image labeling has triggered a growing interest in applying deep learning for three-dimensional point cloud classification. To provide better insights into different deep learning architectures and their applications to ALS point cloud classification, this article presents a comprehensive comparison among three state-of-the-art deep learning networks: PointNet++, SparseCNN, and KPConv, on two different ALS datasets. The performances of these three deep learning networks are compared w.r.t. classification accuracy, computation time, generalization ability as well as the sensitivity to the choices of hyper-parameters. Overall, we observed that PointNet++, SparseCNN, and KPConv all outperform Random Forest on the classification results. Moreover, SparseCNN leads to a slightly better classification result compared to PointNet++ and KPConv, while requiring less computation time and memory. At the same time, it shows a better ability to generalize and is less impacted by the different choices of hyper-parameters.
ALSpoint clouds, classification, comparison, deep learnin
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.