Talks and Poster Presentations (with Proceedings-Entry):

Z. Adavi, R. Weber:
"Application of the Total Variation Method in near real-time GNSS Tropospheric Tomography";
Talk: Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG 2021), Beijing, China; 2021-06-28 - 2021-07-02; in: "IAG 2021 - Abstract Book", (2021), 317.

English abstract:
GNSS tomography is an all-weather remote sensing technique to capture the spatiotemporal behavior of the atmospheric water vapor using the standing infrastructure of GNSS satellites and networks. In this method, the troposphere is discretized to a finite number of 3D elements (voxel) in horizontal and vertical directions. Then, the wet refractivity in these voxels is reconstructed using the Slant Wet Delay (SWD) observations in the desired tomography domain by means of the discrete inverse concept. Due to the insufficient spatial coverage of GNSS signals in the voxels within the given time window, some of the voxels are intersected by a few signals or plenty of signals, and others are not passed by any signals at all. Therefore, the design matrix is sparse, and the observation equation system of the tomography model is mixed-determined. Therefore, some constraints or external data sources should be added to the tomography problem in order to reconstruct the wet refractivity field. Moreover, the GNSS tomography is a kind of discrete ill-posed problem. Therefore, all singular values of the structure matrix (A) in the tomography problem decay gradually to zero without any noticeable gap in the spectrum. Hence, slight changes in the measurements can lead to extremely unstable parameter solutions. In consequence, the regularization method should be applied to stabilize the inversion process and ensure a stable and unique solution for the tomography problem. In this presentation, the Total Variation (TV) method is suggested to retrieve a regularized solution. TV is a nonlinear technique, which efficiently preserves discontinuities in the model and resists noise. This method can also reconstruct the promising wet refractivity field without any initial field in a shorter time span. For this purpose, observation data from the EPOSA (Echtzeit Positionierung Austria) GNSS network located in the eastern part of Austria is processed within the period DoYs 232-245 in 2019. Then, the TV method is performed in six different tomography windows (10 minutes to 60 minutes) with a time step of 10 minutes by focusing on near-real-time applications. Finally, radiosonde measurements in the area of interest are utilized to compare the estimated wet refractivity field in order to obtain the accuracy of the proposed method.

GNSS, Tomography, Total Variation Method

Electronic version of the publication:

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