Publications in Scientific Journals:
V. Oniga, N. Pfeifer, A. Loghin:
"3D Calibration Test-Field for Digital Cameras Mounted on Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS)";
Due to the large number of technological developments in recent years, UAS systems are now used for monitoring purposes and in projects with high precision demand, such as 3D model-based creation of dams, reservoirs, historical monuments etc. These unmanned systems are usually equipped with an automatic pilot device and a digital camera (photo/video, multispectral, Near Infrared etc.), of which the lens has distortions; but this can be determined in a calibration process. Currently, a method of "self-calibration" is used for the calibration of the digital cameras mounted on UASs, but, by using the method of calibration based on a 3D calibration object, the accuracy is improved in comparison with other methods. Thus, this paper has the objective of establishing a 3D calibration field for the digital cameras mounted on UASs in terms of accuracy and robustness, being the largest reported publication to date. In order to test the proposed calibration field, a digital camera mounted on a low-cost UAS was calibrated at three different heights: 23 m, 28 m, and 35 m, using two configurations for image acquisition. Then, a comparison was made between the residuals obtained for a number of 100 Check Points (CPs) using self-calibration and test-field calibration, while the number of Ground Control Points (GCPs) variedand the heights were interchanged. Additionally, the parameters where tested on an oblique flight done 2 years before calibration, in manual mode at a medium altitude of 28 m height. For all tests done in the case of the double grid nadiral flight, the parameters calculated with the proposed 3D field improved the results by more than 50% when using the optimum and a large number of GCPs, and in all analyzed cases with 75% to 95% when using a minimum of 3 GCP. In this context, it is necessary to conduct accurate calibration in order to increase the accuracy of the UAS projects, and also to reduce field measurements.
UAS; 3D calibration test-field; acuracy assessment
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.