Publications in Scientific Journals:
T. Tran, J. Otepka, D. Wang, N. Pfeifer:
"Classification of image matching point clouds over an urban area";
International Journal of Remote Sensing,
Airborne laser scanning (ALS) and image matching are the two main techniques for generating point clouds for large areas. While the classification of ALS point clouds has been well investigated, there are few studies that are related to image matching point clouds. In this study, point clouds of multiple resolutions from high-resolution aerial images (ground sampling distance, GSD, of 6 cm) over the city of Vienna were generated and investigated with respect to point density and processing time. Three different study sites with various urban structures are selected from a bigger dataset and classified based on two different approaches: machine learning and a traditional operator-based decision tree. Classification accuracy was evaluated and compared with confusion matrices. In general, the machine learning method results in a higher overall accuracy compared to the simple decision tree method, with accuracies of 87% and 84%, respectively, at the highest resolution. At lower-resolution levels (GSDs of 12 cm and 24 cm), the overall accuracy of machine learning drops by 4% and that of the simple decision tree by 7% for each level. Classifying rasterized data instead of the original point cloud resulted in an accuracy drop of 5%. Thus, using machine learning on point clouds at the highest available resolution is suggested for classification of urban areas.
"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.