Talks and Poster Presentations (with Proceedings-Entry):
A. Zámolyi, B. Székely:
"Structural geological environment of the Doren landslide (Vorarlberg, Austria) derived from LiDAR DTM analysis";
Poster: EGU 2009,
- 2009-04-24; in: "Geophysical Research Abstracts",
Paper ID EGU2009-12903,
Geologic maps typically record structural geologic information at a macro-scale. These data are completed by
point-wise field observations, such as dip-directions, dip values, and displacement measurements along slickensides.
Between these two different scales only geomorphic features provide hints on the general structure, if the
lithologic properties allow erosional enhancement of the structural directions.
Often such geomorphic indicators are characterized by a micro-scale relief. Consequently, their recognition and
mapping, especially in vegetated areas is extremely difficult with conventional methods. Since LiDAR DTMs, with
an accuracy of better than 10 cm, provide high-resolution representation of the geomorphic surface, even if the area
is covered by canopy, the analysis of such datasets reveals micro-topographic features.
Our study area at locality of Doren (Vorarlberg, Austria) is situated in the Molasse Zone characterised by various
clays, sandstones, and calcareous sandstones. The relief is hilly to mountainous due to the combined effects of the
relatively high erodibility of the rocks and the post-glacial surface evolution of the area.
At the locality in question a major landslide has developed that already endangers some infrastructural elements.
The landslide is triggered by missing material taken away gradually by the incision of the rivulet Weissach, but
also structural geological features contribute to the development of the mass movement.
The 1 meter resolution, high-accuracy LiDAR DTM has been processed to enhance microtopographic features,
especially gullies and rills. These linear features were identified in the extended vicinity of the landslide and digitized
in vector format.
The resulting polylines were then analysed in various ways: rose diagram calculation and comparison with the
general tectonic directions indicated in the 1:100000 scale geological map were carried out.
The microtopographic features show correlation with the major tectonic direction (NE-SW) and with another direction
NNW-SSE, indicated as subordinate. Interestingly there is a third, underrepresented orientation of WNW-ESE
that is not indicated in the aforementioned geological map.
The place where these three directions seem to meet coincides largely with the area affected by the landslide. According
to our working hypothesis at the focal point of the three structural directions the enhanced erodibility of
the rocks due to microfractures, and consequently the material of the moderately steep slope may start to creep or
even to move if the previous meteorological and hydrologic conditions decrease the stability of the slope.
Electronic version of the publication:
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.