Talks and Poster Presentations (with Proceedings-Entry):
A. Bartsch, V. Naeimi, I. McCallum, A. Shvidenko, W. Wagner:
"Spring snowmelt variability in northern Eurasia 2000-2007";
Poster: EGU 2009,
- 2009-04-24; in: "Geophysical Research Abstracts",
Paper ID EGU2009-9325,
Snowmelt dynamics play an essential role in the hydrological cycle of northern latitudes. Entire northern Eurasia
is seasonally covered by snow. It instantaneously impacts not only surface hydrology and the energy budget but
also terrestrial biota and thus the carbon cycle. Scatterometer such as SeaWinds Quikscat (Ku-band) are sensitive
to changes at snow surfaces due to thaw and provide several measurements per day at high latitudes. Diurnal differences
(frozen in the morning, thawed in the evening) are investigated in a range of studies since they indicate
exactly when snowmelt is taking place. The actual number of dates of snow thaw is of most interest for glacier
mass balance studies but the final disappearance of snow together with the length of spring thaw is required in
regions with seasonal snow cover. Clusters of consecutive days of diurnal cycling of freeze/thaw are characteristic
for the final snowmelt period in boreal and tundra environments. The start, end and duration of such periods give
insight into spring CO2 emissions, vegetation fire prediction and river runoff behaviour. Results of the clustering
of diurnal thaw and refreeze days as detected from active microwave satellite data over polar Eurasia is presented
in this paper. The aim is the monitoring of spring snowmelt variability for assessment of impact of climate change
on hydrology and energy budget.
SeaWinds Quikscat measurements are available since 1999. The first entire snowmelt period on the northern hemisphere
is covered in 2000. Large changes in backscatter between morning and evening acquisitions are characteristic
for the snowmelt period, when freezing takes place over night and thawing of the surface during the day. A
change from volume to surface scattering occurs in case of melting. When significant changes due to freeze/thaw
cycling cease, closed snow cover also disappears. The exact day of year of beginning and end of freeze/thaw cycling
can be clearly determined with consideration of long-term noise in order to exclude unnatural effects and
changes in soil moisture and snow pack characteristics.
The end of snowmelt timing varied by less than a month in most regions during the eight years of data availability
(2000-2007). There has been only a difference of up to two weeks in eastern Siberia. Central and western Siberia,
especially the European part experienced more variability. This constrains an assessment whether there is a trend
of earlier spring or not. A comparison with historical data (before 1980) from interpolated meteorological datasets
(IIASA Russia database) showed that earlier snowmelt occurs in regions with the highest variability.
Electronic version of the publication:
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.