Publications in Scientific Journals:

M. Behm, E. Brückl, W. Chwatal, H. Thybo:
"Application of stacking and inversion techniques to 3D wide-angle reflection and refraction seismic data of the Eastern Alps.";
Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 170 (1) (2007), 275 - 298.

English abstract:
We present new methods for the interpretation of 3-D seismic wide-angle reflection and refraction data with application to data acquired during the experiments CELEBRATION, 2000 and ALP 2002 in the area of the Eastern Alps and their transition to the surrounding tectonic provinces (Bohemian Massif, Carpathians, Pannonian domain, Dinarides). Data was acquired on a net of arbitrarily oriented seismic lines by simultaneous recording on all lines of seismic waves from the shots, which allows 2-D and 3-D interpretations. Much (80%) of the data set consists of crossline traces. Low signal to noise (S/N) ratio in the area of the young orogens decreases the quality of travel time picks. In these seismically heterogeneous areas it is difficult to assign clearly defined arrivals to the seismic phases, in particular on crossline record sections.

In order to enhance the S/N ratio, signal detection and stacking techniques have been applied to enhance the Pg-, Pn- and PmP phases. Further, inversion methods have been developed for the interpretation of WAR/R-data, based on automated 1-D inversion (Pg) and the application of the delay time concept (Pn). The results include a 3-D velocity model of the crust based on Pg waves, time and depth maps of the Moho and a Pn-velocity map. The models based on stacked data are robust and provide a larger coverage, than models based on travel time picks from single-fold (unstacked) traces, but have relatively low resolution, especially near the surface. They were used as the basis for constructing models with improved resolution by the inversion of picks from single-fold data. The results correlate well with geological structures and show new prominent features in the Eastern Alps area and their surrounds. The velocity distribution in the crust has strong lateral variations and the Moho in the investigation area appears to be fragmented into three parts.

"Official" electronic version of the publication (accessed through its Digital Object Identifier - DOI)

Related Projects:
Project Head Ewald Brückl:
ALP 2002 - Ein seismisches 3D-Modell der Ostalpen

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