Talks and Poster Presentations (with Proceedings-Entry):
"Location Determination in Indoor Environments for Pedestrian Navigation";
Talk: IEEE/ION PLANS 2006 Conference,
San Diego, California, USA;
- 2006-04-27; in: "IEEE/ION PLANS 2006 Conference",
For the location determination of persons and objects in indoor environments a variety of systems have been developed in recent years. The main methods are described and compared in this paper, i.e., location methods using infrared, ultrasonic or radio signals and optical tracking systems. Thereby it can be distinguished if the system is specially designed for positioning and has to be installed in the building or if already available infrastructure (such as WiFi, UWB or Bluetooth) is employed. The indoor location techniques can be integrated in modern navigation systems where also a location determination of the user in a building is required apart from positioning in urban outdoor environments. As most common indoor location techniques provide only 2-D position determination, however, a challenging task is to determine the correct floor of a user in a multi-storey building. In this case it can be recommended to augment the positioning system with a barometric pressure sensor for direct observation of height differences. In the research project NAVIO (Pedestrian Navigation Systems in Combined Indoor/Outdoor Environements) conducted at our University tests with different sensors have been performed. The tests have shown that it is possible to determine the correct floor of a user using a barometric pressure sensor as the standard deviation of the estimation of the height differences is better than  1 m. Currently a combination of WiFi positioning with a barometric pressure sensor and other dead reckoning sensors (for observation of the direction of motion and traveled distance) is tested in our office building. A typical application would be the guidance and navigation of a pedestrian who is unfamiliar with the environment to a a certain office or a person at the Vienna University of Technology. The selcted approach and test results will be presented in the paper.
Online library catalogue of the TU Vienna:
Project Head Georg Gartner:
Fußgängernavigation in Gebäuden und im städtischen Umfeld
Created from the Publication Database of the Vienna University of Technology.